What Happens During Opioid Treatment with MAT?
What Happens During Opioid Treatment with MAT?
Here is All You Need to Know
Are you exploring the option of Opioid Treatment with MAT? Opioid Addiction is a medical disorder in which the patient has a continuous urge to take Opioids in doses that are harmful to human physiology and anatomy.
An opioid-addicted patient is completely dependent on opiate-containing drugs. Their brain’s normal chemical balance is negatively affected by opioids, and as a result, they feel helpless and passive. Opioids Addiction affects the patient’s behavior and personality to such an extent that they do not have control over their choice to use Opioids.
One of the other problems that make the addiction difficult to deal with is the continuous craving of the patient to increase the dose.
The Magnitude of The Opioid Problem
Opioid Addiction is an extremely serious problem as far as its magnitude is concerned. An article published by Addiction Center has revealed that nearly 21 million Americans have at least one addiction. Only 10 percent of the addicts get proper medical treatment. Deaths caused by drug overdose have tripled since 1990.
Considering the severity of the problem, it is very important to address it before it causes more damage. One of the most successful therapies to end opioid addiction is Medication-Assisted Treatment.
In today’s blog post, we are going to discuss how Medication-Assisted treatment can help opioid Addicts to leave opioid addiction and lead a normal life. So, don’t go anywhere and Read on.
What is Medication-Assisted Treatment?
Medication-Assisted Treatment is a comprehensive strategy to use FDA (Food and drug administration) approved drugs along with counseling and psychological therapy to treat opioid addiction.
It is forged in such a manner that it totally meets the demands of the patient’s problem.
Research studies conducted to confirm the effectiveness of MAT have revealed that the combination of approved medications and therapy can successfully help the patients treat their addiction.
How Does Medication-Assisted Treatment Work?
Medication-Assisted treatment helps the patient get rid of addiction through a dynamic approach. The medications that are used in MAT work to take back the brain’s neurotransmitter level to normal.
The normal brain biochemistry and functionality that have been disrupted by opioids are restored by the appropriate usage of these drugs. It also helps to reduce or completely remove the euphoric effects of opioids.
Physiological craving which forms an important part of an opioid addiction problem can also be successfully treated by drugs used in Medication-Assisted Treatment. When prescribed properly and closely monitored, MAT is very effective. Many patient testimonials prove that Opioid Treatment with MAT Medication-Assisted Treatment works.
Suboxone and Its Usage in MAT
Suboxone is one of the most commonly used drugs to be used in Opioid Treatment with MAT (Medication-Assisted Treatment). The medication contains the chemical buprenorphine and naloxone.
Buprenorphine is a competitive inhibitor of Opioids. It strongly binds the Opioids’ delta receptor and does not allow the Opioids to bind it. It also produces an analgesic effect and decreases the craving for opioids.
Naloxone, too, attaches to the opioid receptor and suppresses the typical effects caused by opioids like euphoria, sedation, bradycardia, miosis, and respiratory depression.
The drug is available in the market as an oral film, and it is administered sublingually.
Research studies have shown that suboxone can treat opioid misuse and addiction in a period of 24 weeks. However, it must be noted that a patient’s compliance with the drug is very important.
Suboxone is a level three controlled drug and can be used by the patient only after the prescription of the doctor.
Naltrexone and methadone are other important drugs that are used to treat opioid addiction. They are found to be equally potent but it depends on the severity and condition of the patient.
Now that we have discussed everything about Medication-Assisted treatment and the drug commonly used in it. We will briefly discuss opioids and why it causes addiction.
What are Opioids and How Do they Cause Addiction?
The term opioids represent a class of drugs that are normally prescribed by physicians to relieve pain.
Serious injuries, major surgeries, and chronic painful conditions like carcinoma are a few of the instances where doctors use opioids to deal with severe pain.
Mechanism of Action of Opioids
The mechanism of action of opioids is to decrease the number of pain signals originating from the area of trauma to the brain. They have also been found to change the overall response of the brain to the pain signals. Opioids can be really helpful if used according to the doctor’s advice, but can also be easy to abuse.
Why Are Opioids So Addictive?
Due to the soothing and pain-relieving effect, many people get addicted to Opioids.
The euphoria and sense of satisfaction that a person gets after taking a dose of opioids compels the person to take it even after the pathology subsides.
It also alters the normal functioning of neurotransmitters. That is why normal functioning becomes difficult or sometimes seems impossible.
Signs and Symptoms of Opioid Addiction
Opioid addiction can be diagnosed quite easily. The lack of ability to stop opioids use is one of the main symptoms. Other common symptoms include shallow breathing, poor cognitive ability, lethargy, agitation, inability to take responsibility, depression, mood swings, and lowered motivation. Taking excessive opioids can result in more serious problems like complete unconsciousness, breathlessness, slow or no pulse. The patient can also die from excessive suppression of the heart’s electrical system.
Example of the Opioids
Some of the most commonly used opioids include opium, codeine, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, oxymorphone, morphine, and tramadol. There are many others too, but they are not that frequently prescribed.
Role of Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction
When people get addicted to Opioids, they feel unwell and ill when there are no opioids present in their bodies. This condition is called the withdrawal effect.
It is characterized by an intense craving for opioids. The strong urge to take opioids and withdrawal symptoms make it difficult to cope with the addiction.
The goal in Medication-Assisted Treatment is to reduce the craving and withdrawal symptoms. Once the symptoms are controlled, it becomes quite easy to start the healing process of brain tissue.
The process of recovery helps the patient to go back to normal life activities. It not only helps him get out of the depression and low self-esteem caused by opioids but also makes the recovery of brain tissue fast.
It must be noted that Medication-Assisted treatment also has a psychological healing part. Counseling and behavioral support are required to bring the patient back to a normal life. Family members and friends are advised to treat the patient with kindness and care. Apart from the medical staff, the extra support from the loved ones supports recovery and prevents the relapses of the condition.
Behavioral therapy is particularly important for young people with addiction. It is because they are going through a phase of life where even a small issue can seriously impair their emotional health. There are many examples of teens fighting with depression and substance abuse who are successfully treated by MAT.
5 Benefits of MAT
There are several benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment. Some of them are:
- Many people believe that in MAT one addictive drug is replaced by another. However, it is not the case. Just like any other chronic disease like diabetes or hypertension, addiction can be treated by taking medications.
- The other methods to treat drug addiction involve very lengthy procedures. Although MAT is a long process too, it is carried out under the supervision of trained medical professionals. They have experience in dealing with such cases and reduce panic.
- Many people think that withdrawal from opioids can result in death or disability. It is yet another benefit of MAT to negate this myth. If the process of getting rid of opioid addiction is done under the supervision of trained medical personnel, MAT can help people get rid of Opioid addiction effectively.
- MAT can result in other infections. It is not true either. Apart from the drugs given to control or reduce the craving, MAT also includes drugs to reduce the chances of infection.
- Medication-Assisted treatment can also be used to treat pregnant mothers who have an opioid addiction. The treatment procedure is not harmful to the baby or the mother.
Addiction is Treatable
Addiction is a treatable condition. No matter how bad the condition might be, it is very much possible that the patient recovers completely from the issue.
MAT has played a crucial role in giving hope to the people who were living miserably due to the horrors of addiction. The process is effective and feasible.
Many people refer to MAT as a protective umbrella that not only helps to control addiction but also tries to bring back to everyday life.
If you or any of your loved ones are feeling it difficult to control the urge of taking opioids, Opioid Treatment with MAT is the best procedure.
However, care must be taken while starting the treatment. You need to make sure that the facility offering the treatment has trained professionals and has a proven success rate. The reason why this is necessary is that many patients who undergo MAT under poor supervision may get addicted to the drugs that are used for the cure.
At Right Choice Health Care, we supervise all of our patients with care and consideration to deliver the best treatment and outcomes possible.